Periodontology is one of the areas of dentistry, which is identifying pathologies and treatment of periodontal tissue (tissue connecting the gums from the teeth). Periodontology studies diseases that are directly related to the pathological microflora in the oral cavity. The most common problem is bleeding gums. Many of us have encountered this problem while brushing teeth or biting hard apple. Like other areas of dentistry, periodontology also provides aesthetic improvements. The recession of the gums (increased tooth), because of what appear bare necks of the teeth; Hypertrophy of the gums, is the process by which the gums become swollen, covering most of the surface of the tooth.
How does it come from?
Due to poor hygiene, periodontal bacteria spread in the gap (the space between the surface of the tooth and gingival soft tissues), multiply and produce toxins during metabolism, which in turn adversely affect the health of the gums. Development and growth of the bacteria depends on the general state of health, taking medication, genetic abnormalities, pregnancy and adolescence, alcohol consumption, unbalanced diets and a major cause is smoking.
What are the consequences?
As already mentioned, bleeding gums are the first symptom of gingivitis. Progressing, the process can go into the deeper periodontal tissues and even spread to the jawbone. If the process is not stopped at this stage, it will progress further, and the bone support of the tooth gradually loses its physiological height, the tooth becomes mobile and may even fall out. In this clinical situation it is difficult to draw up a plan of treatment that is based on dental implants. However, each disease has its own specific development process, so in each case treatment requires individual approach to each specific patient.
How to prevent?
The principles of prevention include regular and correct tooth brushing, flossing and regular visits to the hygienist (at least 2 times a year). During pregnancy or during adolescence there is a chance of bleeding of the gums, which is a typical indicator of hormonal activity of the patient.
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Cost of services
Tooth hygiene and periodontology
— Tooth hygiene and periodontology
Visual and tactile inspection of teeth and gums
Subgingival and gingival calculus localization, calculus removal with ultrasonic instruments
Deep calculus removal with hand instruments
Teeth polishing and flossing
Fluor gel aplication on teeth surface