• Dentistry

    Dentistry

    What is it?

    Therapeutic dental treatment is the most common trend in dentistry, the aim of which is to preserve the patient’s teeth healthy and beautiful. Therapeutic Dentistry is addressing not only existing problems of the patient, but also helps to get rid of much more severe consequences. Today, there are a large number of filling materials, the choice of which depends on the size, location and shape of the filling.
    How does it come from?
    The main problem of vast majority of the patients is the formation of dental caries. Dental caries may occur for many reasons – poor oral hygiene, trauma, medications, erosion, and others. The development of dental caries, as well as its activity depends on various factors; therefore it is necessary to prevent the etiologic factor contributing to the formation of dental caries, and also patient needs good oral hygiene and fluoride intake.
    Pathological microorganisms which contribute to the formation of dental caries, after adhering to the surface of the tooth begin to proliferate and form colonies. Propagation of microorganisms depends on the amount of nutrients (carbohydrates and sugar). The point of attachment of bacteria to the tooth surfaces are in remote locations for a toothbrush, for example, between the teeth or on the chewing surfaces of teeth fissures. Microorganisms form colonies penetrate into the inner tissue of the tooth, where they continue to proliferate and form a carious tooth mass.
    What are the consequences?
    Depending on the factors mentioned above and the elapsed time before a visit to the dentist, the effects may be different. In the early stages, patients may experience discomfort in contact with cold air, but in the later stages already aching under the influence of hypertensive irritants (sweet, salty, sour), thermal irritants (something cold) and mechanical irritants (at the time of the bite). Complaints of the patient may include not only discomfort, but also aesthetic changes – tooth darkens, bright spot appears on the tooth or defect on the surface of the enamel.

    How to prevent?
    Each of us knows how to take care of the mouth and teeth, but not everyone can comply with all the rules of dental hygiene. How can this be achieved? Be sure to brush your teeth 2 times a day, morning and evening before going to bed (ideally after each meal); use dental floss to clean the spaces between teeth; rinse your mouth slop means containing fluorine.
    When a patient comes with complaints of pain, you need to get rid of the etiological factor, remove the carious masses and put the filling.

  • Dental hygiene

    Dental hygiene

    The main objectives of dental hygiene is the removal of hard and soft plaque from all tooth surfaces, preventive cleaning of gum pockets and reduction of pathological microflora. Every person is recommended to visit a hygienist at least 2 times a year, if there is any patient periodontal disease, visit the hygienist should be mandatory at least 4 times a year.
    Dental plaque and dental tartar.

    Dental plaque is a soft white cluster, which appears from the remnants of food, metabolic products of bacteria and dead microorganisms. As a result of the irregular tooth brushing plaque accumulates begins mineralized and forms a solid education, which is called dental tartar. Plaque does not accumulate on all tooth surfaces, without exception, but only in certain places: along the border of the gums, in the area of ​​the neck of the teeth, in anatomical relief on the chewing surface of the tooth. Some products, such as coffee, sugar, black tea stimulate the accumulation of plaque. Especially plaque is strongly affected by smoking, because nicotine stimulates the development of periodontal disease, which reduces the ability to withstand the excessive amount of gum plaque. Thus under the plaque tooth decay and serious gum disease can develop, for example, gingivitis or periodontitis.

    Why do I need to do dental hygiene?

    Each of us must be aware of the mandatory rules of daily care for your teeth – brushing your teeth, flossing and rinsing the mouth. Nevertheless, the use of personal oral hygiene does not provide complete access to all tooth surfaces. To get rid of all the problems mentioned above, you need to regularly take care of your teeth at home, but do not forget to visit the dental hygienist at least 2 times a year. It is important to consult with a hygienist to determine the most appropriate means for oral hygiene – toothpaste, toothbrush, dental floss.

    The procedure of dental hygiene.

    Before the procedure of dental hygiene is necessary to make total oral examination, or even a detailed examination, if the patient has complaints or any pathology. The amount of plaque and tartar is assessed during the examination. In the case, if the amount of plaque and tartar is large, the procedure can be divided into several sessions, if the teeth are relatively clean, hygiene can be done in one session.

  • Endodontics

    Endodontics.
    What is it?
    Sometimes all of us, for various reasons, may face a choice of what to do: remove a bad tooth, or thanks to a special treatment and root canal filling, not only to preserve it, but also to restore its physiological function and aesthetics. Endodontics is one of the trends in dentistry, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Our clinics are equipped with digital radiology equipment, modern tools and high quality materials.

    How does it come from?
    To understand how endodontic pathology may appear and develop, you must know a little about dental anatomy (anatomy of the tooth). Firstly, each tooth has a crown and tooth root. Considering the internal structure of the tooth, the tooth is composed of an outer layer – enamels, middle layer – dentin, but inside of each tooth the pulp is located. The root of the tooth is composed of cement, the middle layer consists of the dentin, but inside is located is root canal, on which the pulp coming blood vessels and nerve fibers. Thanks to them, the process of concentration and nerve supply of the tooth.
    Dental caries is a major cause of inflammation of the pulp. The destruction of dental hard tissues occurs by reaction of acids and enzymes. The metabolic products of bacteria, resulting in tooth decay seeping into the deeper tissues of the tooth, can cause inflammation of the pulp. The rate of inflammation depends on the depth of caries and protective processes of the human body.
    What are the consequences?
    Most endodontic pathologies are chronic; they develop slowly and smoothly over a long period of time. In the acute form pathological symptoms are more pronounced, they appear quickly and are growing rapidly, accompanied by pain.
    Symptoms can be different depending on the specific clinical situation. The most frequent symptoms appear in response to the thermal irritants – cold or hot food. Pain may be different – the sharp, prolonged or spontaneous.
    In pathology, passed into the chronic form, symptoms may vary. The process takes a long time, the sensitivity can appear as a reaction to the pressure – during the compression of the teeth or by palpation (when pressed with your finger on the tooth). In such cases, pronounced pain is usually not observed, but there little discomfort could appear.
    How to prevent?
    Most of these diseases occur in deep dental caries, as a result of non-compliance or neglecting of the complex advice from your dentist. Poor oral hygiene, a rare visit to the dentist, smoking, alcohol and others factors could make the situation worse. Patients who have any disease, genetic disease, or who are taking medications, have a predisposition to dental caries, and as a result there is a high risk of endodontic disease. Therefore, such patients should be very clear to comply with all rules of hygiene, and should visit the dentist in regular manner.

  • Surgery

    Surgery

    Education of doctors of our clinic specializing in surgery is based on modern standards and requirements. Oral surgery is a direction that allows diagnosing correctly and accurately various diseases associated with the teeth, jaws and soft tissues of the oral cavity. Of course, this type of treatment involves surgical manipulation of soft and hard tissue.
    We offer following services:
    • extraction of teeth of varying difficulty,
    • extraction of the roots of a tooth,
    • operation «sinus-lift»,
    • implantation,
    • treatment of abscesses,
    • transplantation of bone tissue.

  • Implantology

    Implantology

    What a dental implant?

    The implant is a small titanium alloy product of helical shape, which is integrated into the bone tissue, mimicking the tooth root. Our dental crown install the implant, thus resemble real teeth will be maximized. The implants used in various clinical situations, to recover one or more missing teeth, including implants can be used as a basis for full dentures. Implantology since 1983 is one of the main solutions to the problem of missing teeth.
    What the implant is made of?
    The implant is made of titanium alloy, used in medicine that does not cause allergic reactions.
    Indications for implantation:

    To replace missing teeth, for metal-ceramic crowns, bridges or dentures.

    What are the risks of implantation?
    The main criteria that determine the quality of the planned implantation is sufficient thickness of the bone tissue and oral hygiene. Despite the fact that the titanium surface cannot be injured by caries, regular monitoring is required in order to achieve good results.

    How long does the implant remain unchanged?
    It depends on the general state of the oral cavity and the frequency of visits to the dentist (at least 2 times a year). For more information you can contact our specialists.

    How long is the operation to implant?
    The time required for full osteo-integration of the implant depends on the general state of the oral cavity. After careful examination and analysis, which depends on the clinical situation, our experts will form a treatment plan. Depending on the overall medical condition of the patient, the integration of the implant into the bone may take from 2 to 6 months. After this treatment depends on the type of prosthesis, but approximately it could take from 2 to 6 weeks.

  • Periodontology

    Periodontology

    What is it?
    Periodontology is one of the areas of dentistry, which is identifying pathologies and treatment of periodontal tissue (tissue connecting the gums from the teeth). Periodontology studies diseases that are directly related to the pathological microflora in the oral cavity. The most common problem is bleeding gums. Many of us have encountered this problem while brushing teeth or biting hard apple. Like other areas of dentistry, periodontology also provides aesthetic improvements. The recession of the gums (increased tooth), because of what appear bare necks of the teeth; Hypertrophy of the gums, is the process by which the gums become swollen, covering most of the surface of the tooth.

    How does it come from?
    Due to poor hygiene, periodontal bacteria spread in the gap (the space between the surface of the tooth and gingival soft tissues), multiply and produce toxins during metabolism, which in turn adversely affect the health of the gums. Development and growth of the bacteria depends on the general state of health, taking medication, genetic abnormalities, pregnancy and adolescence, alcohol consumption, unbalanced diets and a major cause is smoking.
    What are the consequences?
    As already mentioned, bleeding gums are the first symptom of gingivitis. Progressing, the process can go into the deeper periodontal tissues and even spread to the jawbone. If the process is not stopped at this stage, it will progress further, and the bone support of the tooth gradually loses its physiological height, the tooth becomes mobile and may even fall out. In this clinical situation it is difficult to draw up a plan of treatment that is based on dental implants. However, each disease has its own specific development process, so in each case treatment requires individual approach to each specific patient.
    How to prevent?
    The principles of prevention include regular and correct tooth brushing, flossing and regular visits to the hygienist (at least 2 times a year). During pregnancy or during adolescence there is a chance of bleeding of the gums, which is a typical indicator of hormonal activity of the patient.

  • Pediatric Dentistry

    Pediatric Dentistry

    Parents are responsible for the oral health of their child. They are also obliged to ensure that their child brushes his teeth until the age of 10. At this age, it is crucial to the preservation of milk teeth healthy as their condition depends on the development of the molars. Pediatric dentistry is significantly different from the adult, as a significant role played by the transition from milk to permanent occlusion, in connection with the need to take into account the fact that under the baby teeth are growing permanent teeth, which need to ensure normal development.
    In our clinic, the child receives all the necessary primary care, dental care, a quality oral hygiene, covering the surface of the teeth with a special varnish – with sealants.
    Doctors who specialize in pediatric dentistry in our clinic are professionals with large experience. Dentists of clinics SIA «Valis» offer not only the therapeutic treatment of the teeth, but also ready to assist in case of different kinds of injuries.
    It is important to mention the fact that most parents set an example for their baby by their attitude to the cleaning of the teeth and the state in which they are supported, and the attitude to the teeth of the child in the future depends on parental attitude to the teeth. The parents have a number of requirements for oral care of the child:
    • start brushing teeth with a toothbrush with the appearance of the first tooth,
    • tooth should be cleaned at least for 1 minute,
    • it is desirable to give up feeding (natural or artificial) at night, immediately after the appearance of the first milk teeth,
    • In the event that a child is diagnosed caries at least in one milk tooth, parents should visit the dentist every 3 months mandatory,
    • Use toothpaste with fluoride content, the concentration of which is not less than 1,000 ppm (part per million).
    During pregnancy, the woman is obliged to monitor the health of her teeth. It is advisable to clean all teeth with suspected caries, oral hygiene, because toxins released during inflammation, for example, if the expectant mother diagnosed with periodontitis, it can cause premature birth. During pregnancy, a woman should not forget the additional reception of vitamin D3, because it contributes to the development of the child, including reducing the risk of premature birth. Especially this fact should be considered to mothers during pregnancy which falls in the autumn and winter.